Homo

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Homo is the genus of great apes that includes modern humans and species closely related to them. The genus is estimated to be about 2.3 to 2.4 million years old, possibly having evolved from australopithecine ancestors, with the appearance of Homo habilis. Several species, including Australopithecus garhi, Australopithecus sediba, Australopithecus africanus, and Australopithecus afarensis, have been proposed as the direct ancestor of the Homo lineage. Each of these species have morphological features that align them with Homo, but there is no consensus on which actually gave rise to Homo.

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Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo neanderthalensis
Cro-Magnon Paleolithic Homo sapiens Modern human figures

Homo habilis

phylum Chordata Homo habilis is a species of the tribe Hominini, during the Gelasian and early Calabrian stages of the Pleistocene period, between roughly 2.8 and 1.5 million years ago. In its appearance and morphology,H. habilis is the least similar to modern humans of all species in the genus Homo.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Primates
family Hominidae
genus Homo
species H. habilis

Homo erectus

phylum Chordata Homo erectus (meaning "upright man," from the Latin ērĭgĕre, "to put up, set upright") is an extinct species of hominin that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene epoch, with the earliest first fossil evidence dating to around 1.8 million years ago and the most recent to around 143,000 years ago. The species originated in Africa and spread as far as England, Georgia, India, Sri Lanka, China and Java.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Primates
family Hominidae
genus Homo
species H. erectus
Temporal range 1.9 – 0.1Ma

Homo neanderthalensis

phylum Chordata The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species or subspecies of the genus Homo which is closely related to modern humans. They are known from fossils, dating from the Pleistocene period, which have been found in Europe and parts of western and central Asia. The species is named after Neandertal ("Neander's Valley"), the location in Germany where it was first discovered.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Primates
family Hominidae
genus Homo
species H. neanderthalensis

Cro-Magnon

phylum Chordata Cro-Magnon is a name that has been used to describe the first early modern humans (early Homo sapiens sapiens) of the European Upper Paleolithic.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Primates
family ‪Hominidae‬
genus ‪Homo‬
species H. sapiens sapiens

Paleolithic Homo sapiens

phylum Chordata Subspecies that precisely represents modern humans, the earliest of whom emerged about 200,000 years ago – the only human subspecies still alive on Earth.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Primates
family ‪Hominidae‬
genus ‪Homo‬
species H. sapiens sapiens